Top 15 African Dog Breeds With Outstanding Personalities


Africa is a serene land with a wide selection of flora and fauna. The content’s wildlife is eye-catching, making it easy to overlook some of their domesticated counterparts. From the magnificent Azawakh to the spirited Basenji, African dog species offer diverse personalities and traits worth looking into. Here is a compelling list of 15 African dog breeds that might pique your interest.


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Also known as the “barkless dog,” the Basenji is a breed from Central Africa revered for its curious and independent mannerisms. The “barkless” title stems from the fact that this canine has a yodel-like vocal signature instead of the loud bark most dogs are synonymous with.


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The Sloughi is a noble and dignified sighthound with an athletic build and keen hunting intuitions. Despite its penchant for game hunting, the North African native prefers close-knit families and is very faithful and loving to its owners.

Rhodesian Ridgeback

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Fundamentally bred to hunt lions, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is a courageous and loyal breed. With its distinctive ridge of fur along its back, it is appreciated for its defensive intuitions and affectionate demeanor towards its family.


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Regarding guard dogs, the Boerboel is a cut above the rest. From its imposing stance to its unwavering devotion and protectiveness, this dog was built to be a guard. Surprisingly, the intimidating canine has a gentle side, but it’s only reserved for its owners.



This West African sighthound is a prized possession among the hunting community thanks to its impressive speed and hunting instincts. Additionally, the Azawakh’s caring and sensitive nature makes them perfect allies to kids, balancing their gruff nature with some fuzziness.



The Africanis is a versatile and adaptable breed native to Southern Africa. Bred for centuries to survive in harsh conditions, they are famous for their intelligence, agility, and friendly disposition.

African Hunting Dog (African Wild Dog)


As one of the continent’s most iconic predators, the African Hunting Dog is highly social and cooperative. They exhibit a complex pack structure and strong familial bonds, displaying remarkable teamwork during hunts.



The Saluki is an elegant breed from the Middle East and North Africa. Unlike most dogs from these regions, which are primarily bred for hunting or guard duties, this one is revered for its gentleness. It is one of the most affectionate and loyal puppers you’ll ever meet, making it an ideal pet for all canine lovers.

Kalahari Bushman Dog


This dog breed, also known as the Africanis Kalahari, is highly appreciated for its hunting abilities and loyalty to its family. It is also famous for its high energy levels and friendly disposition.

Ridgeback Mastiff


This dog is nothing to scoff at as it inherits its main traits from its ancestors—the Rhodesian Ridgeback and Mastiff. The Ridgeback Mastiff has an intimidating stance that staves off intruders while highlighting a gentle side to its owners. Their loyal and defensive nature has made them a favorite among dog breeders on the continent.

Canaan Dog


With roots in the Middle East and North Africa, the Canaan Dog has a reputation for intelligence and versatility. They are loyal and affectionate with their families while remaining vigilant as natural watchdogs.

African Lion Hound

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A mix of African dogs, the African Lion Dog or Simba Inu, is highly valued for its hunting abilities and loyalty. Its courage and protective instincts make it a popular breed.

Barbary Sheepdog


Originally from North Africa, the Barbary Sheepdog is a versatile breed with a strong sense of loyalty and intelligence. These puppies are excellent herders and guardians with strong loyalty and devotion to their families.

The Coton de Tulear

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Fondly referred to as ‘The Royal Dog of Madagascar,’ the Coton de Tulear is a small, charming dog with a soft white coat. It is named after the city of Tulear in Madagascar, where it originated. They are great at providing amusement, comfort, and companionship, and owners describe them as witty, playful, and gentle. They have unique vocalizations and a talent for walking on their hind legs.

The African Village Dog

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Most kennel clubs overlook this breed, but it is one of the most predominant ones on the continent. The African Village dog is an amalgamation of various breeds within the continent dating as far back as 5900 YBP. These dogs have been a staple of African civilization as they have accompanied herders on their excursions since time immemorial.


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