New Hampshire, a small yet historically rich state, is nestled in the heart of New England. Known for its picturesque landscapes and a motto that champions liberty, ‘Live Free or Die’, the state offers a blend of natural beauty and a spirit of independence. With a population of over 1.3 million people, it may be the 41st most populous state, but its charming towns, vibrant seasons, and influential history in the formation of the United States imbue it with a significance that belies its size.
The nickname “The Granite State” is derived from New Hampshire’s abundant granite reserves, which have been a significant part of the state’s economy. Granite is known for its durability and was historically used in construction, monuments, and as a symbol of the state’s enduring character.
New Hampshire became the ninth state to join the Union on June 21, 1788. It played a notable role in the early history of the United States, being one of the original 13 colonies. The ratification of the United States Constitution by New Hampshire was instrumental in its establishment as the law of the land.
White Mountain Peaks
The White Mountains are a defining feature of New Hampshire’s geography, with Mount Washington being the most prominent peak at 6,288 feet. It is the highest in the Northeastern United States. The mountain range covers about a quarter of the state and contains the vast majority of the 48 four-thousand-footers.
Atlantic Ocean Shoreline
New Hampshire features a short, 18-mile Atlantic Ocean shoreline. This coastline, while limited in length, is abundant with sandy beaches, estuaries, and the historic port of Portsmouth, which offers both recreational and commercial benefits to the state.
New Hampshire experiences a humid continental climate, with warm, humid summers and cold, snowy winters. The state can see significant weather changes due to its varied geography. Weather patterns often differ between the mountainous regions, which can experience heavier snow and lower temperatures, versus the coastal areas where the climate is moderated by the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.
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First Primary Elections
New Hampshire is renowned for holding the first primary elections in the United States. This tradition gives the state an outsized influence in choosing presidential candidates, as its early primary is seen as a critical test of a campaign’s viability. Every four years, the nation’s eyes turn to New Hampshire as it sets the stage for the election season.
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The New Hampshire Statehouse located in Concord is one of the nation’s oldest statehouses in which the legislature still occupies its original chambers. It is a working monument to the state’s government, open to the public and providing a tangible connection to New Hampshire’s legislative history. Erected in 1819, the building’s architecture and continued use are a testament to the state’s enduring political heritage.
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New Hampshire has been home to a number of prominent figures who have left their mark on various fields, including movie star Adam Sandler. This section pays homage to the influential individuals hailing from the Granite State, from political leaders to creative literary minds and innovative inventors.
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Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States, called New Hampshire home. Pierce served as President from 1853 to 1857 and is the only president from the state.
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Daniel Webster, born in Salisbury, New Hampshire, was a leading American senator and statesman. His distinguished political career included serving as Secretary of State and being a notable orator.
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Robert Frost, although born in San Francisco, spent many years in New Hampshire and was greatly inspired by its landscape, which permeates his poetry. He won four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry.
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Dan Brown, best known for his thriller novels including “The Da Vinci Code,” was born in Exeter, New Hampshire. His books have reached international acclaim and have been translated into many languages.
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Tupperware Was Invented In NH
Earl Silas Tupper, born in Berlin, New Hampshire, invented Tupperware, an innovative line of plastic containers designed to keep food fresh. His invention revolutionized kitchenware and storage methods internationally.
Tourism is a cornerstone of New Hampshire’s economy, buoyed by its scenic landscapes and the White Mountains. The state sees a substantial influx of tourists who contribute to the local economy by engaging in activities like skiing, hiking, and leaf-peeping during the autumn months. This influx supports various service industries, from hospitality to retail.
Ivy League Presence
Dartmouth College, an Ivy League research university located in Hanover, is one of the oldest universities in the United States, founded before the American Revolution in 1769. Its prestigious reputation and academic excellence make it a significant educational landmark in New Hampshire.
Public Education System
New Hampshire’s public education system is known for its commitment to quality education at all levels. The state operates numerous public schools, with the New Hampshire Department of Education overseeing the educational standards and progress. The focus is on preparing students for higher education and vocational success post-graduation.
White Mountain National Forest
The White Mountain National Forest spans over 800,000 acres. This national forest is a haven for hikers, skiers, and nature enthusiasts. It features parts of the Appalachian Trail and is known for its breathtaking peaks, including Mount Washington, the highest peak in the Northeast.
Lakes and Rivers
Lake Umbagog, located in Cambridge, is part of the Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge, offering pristine waters for fishing and boating. It’s one of the state’s most serene and undisturbed lakes, surrounded by abundant wildlife. The Cockermouth River not only sculpts the rocks at Sculptured Rocks Natural Area but also provides a picturesque setting for swimming in its clearer sections during warmer months. It’s a stunning example of New Hampshire’s aquatic landscapes.
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Maple Syrup Production
New Hampshire is celebrated for its high-quality maple syrup. It stems from the abundant sugar maple trees, whose sap is collected during the early spring. The state’s climate conditions allow for a sap with high sugar content, which is then boiled down to create syrup. This process is a point of local pride and an integral part of the state’s agricultural traditions.
New England Clam Chowder
This thick and hearty chowder is a staple in New Hampshire cuisine, reflecting the state’s proximity to the Atlantic and its fishing heritage. New Hampshire’s version typically includes clams, potatoes, onions, and cream. It’s distinguished from other regional varieties by its absence of tomatoes, favoring a creamy base.
The state is known for its Pumpkin Festivals, notably in towns like Laconia. Visitors can witness a spectacular display of carved jack-o’-lanterns, and families can enjoy pumpkin-themed activities. The highlight is often the attempt to set a world record for the most lit pumpkins in one place.
Winter Sports Competitions
During the winter months, New Hampshire hosts numerous Winter Sports Competitions. Among them, the Black Mountain Ski Area in Jackson holds an annual event known as the Jackson Invitational Ski Jumping Competition, where ski jumpers from various levels compete, drawing crowds who revel in the thrill of the sport. Skiing, snowboarding, and ice hockey tournaments are also central to winter festivities, capitalizing on the state’s snowy terrain.
New Hampshire is home to several species that are considered endangered or at risk. Among these are the Bald Eagle. Once nearly extinct due to DDT pesticide use, their populations have rebounded but remain on the watch list. Also the New England Cottontail rabbit is struggling due to habitat loss and competition with the introduced Eastern Cottontail.
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New Hampshire’s varied terrain with its mountains, lakes, and forests, is a haven for outdoor activity lovers. Skiing and snowboarding dominate the winter months at resorts like Loon Mountain and Mount Sunapee. In summer, hiking trails abound — the number of hiking opportunities includes the famed Appalachian Trail. The state’s numerous lakes, including Lake Winnipesaukee, the largest in New Hampshire, are magnets for boating, fishing, and swimming.
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Local Sports Teams
While New Hampshire may not host major league professional sports teams, it boasts a passionate following for its collegiate and minor league teams. Ice hockey is particularly popular, with the Manchester Monarchs drawing crowds. Collegiately, the University of New Hampshire Wildcats excel in football and hockey, galvanizing local support. Motorsports enthusiasts flock to the New Hampshire Motor Speedway in Loudon for NASCAR events.
New Hampshire’s railway system was once a vital part of the state’s industry, facilitating the transport of goods and passengers throughout the region. While much of the historical railroads are no longer in operation, remnants of the tracks and historical sites remain as a testament to their influence on the state’s development. If you enjoyed this gallery, follow us on MSN here.